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Story of National Taiwan Library

Local Public Libraries – Town and Village Libraries

 

     In 1920, Taiwan Government made a reform in local systems with initial zoning of 260 towns and villages and then increasing to 264 towns and villages till 1945. According to Public and Private Libraries Regulations promulgated in 1923, towns and villages can establish libraries if needed. In July 1923, Yilan Library was established firstly, and in the same year, another seven town and village libraries were established. Till 1942, village libraries increased to 76 ones. Libraries in Yingge, Zhunan, Pingtung are hereby introduced as examples.

 

  

    Yingge Town Library was established in order to commemorate Emperor Shōwa. In 1928, Village Head, Huang Chun-Ching, applied for establishment of the Library, which was approved by Taipei State Governor. Yingge Village Head was thus assigned as the first Director General of the Library.

    Zhunan Town Library was established to commemorate the visit of Crown Prince of Japan, Hirohito, to Taiwan in 1923. Initially, funds were raised locally for the purpose of replenishing Zhunan Village Archives for the Young, which was renamed as Private Zhunan Village Library located in Zhonggang of Zhunan Village. Later on, in order to commemorate Emperor Shōwa ascending to the throne in 1923, the Library was restructured as Public Zhunan Village Library in 1928.

 

 

 

    Pingtung Village Library was established to commemorate the visit of Crown Prince of Japan, Hirohito, to Taiwan in 1923. When it was initially established in 1924, the Library used buildings of Pingtung Hall and Pingtung Local People Association Office and transferred 1,500 books from Agou Archives. In 1925, the Library moved into new buildings.

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